Time series are particularly useful to track variables such as | dat 565 | Apollo Education Group, Inc.

  
Discussion Topic
Time series are particularly useful to track variables such as revenues, costs, and profits over time. Time series models help evaluate performance and make predictions. Consider the following and respond in a minimum of 175 words:

Time      series decomposition seeks to separate the time series (Y) into 4      components: trend (T), cycle (C), seasonal (S), and irregular (I). What is      the difference between these components?
The      model can be additive or multiplicative.When we do use an additive model?      When do we use a multiplicative model?
The      following list gives the gross federal debt(in millions of dollars) for      the U.S. every 5 years from 1945 to 2000:

Year    Gross Federal Debt ($millions)
1945    260,123
1950    256,853
1955    274,366
1960    290,525
1965    322,318
1970    380,921
1975    541,925
1980    909,050
1985    1,817,521
1990    3,206,564
1995    4,921,005
2000    5,686,338

Construct      a scatter plot with this data. Do you observe a trend? If so, what type of      trend do you observe?
Use      Excel to fit a linear trend and an exponential trend to the data. Display      the models and their respective r^2.
Interpret      both models. Which model seems to be more appropriate? Why?

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