HEADING: POLITICAL HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING EDUCATION: COMPARISON OF [SELECTED COUNTRY] AND [SELECTED COUNTRY] O DESCRIBE HOW THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF THE COUNTRY INFLUENCED NURSING EDUCATION IN YOUR SELECTED (2) COUNTRIES. HOW DID NURSING EDUCATION DEVELOP?
2. READ the following four (4) articles related to nursing education systems around the globe (Ireland, Kenya, Poland, China). CLICK on the PDF files.
• O’Dwyer, P. (2007). The educational preparation of nurses in Ireland. Nursing Education Perspectives, 28(3), 136-139. [PDF file]• Mule, G.K. (1986). Nursing education in Kenya: Trends and innovations. International Nursing Review, 33(3), 83-86. [PDF file]• Sztembis, B. (2006). The past, present and future of nurse education in Poland: stages, conditions and activities. International Nursing Review, 53(2), 102-109. [PDF file]• Xu, Y., Xu, Z., & Zhang, J. (2000). The nursing education system in the People’s Republic of China: Evolution, structure and reform. International Nursing Review, 47(4), 207-217. [PDF file]
3. WRITE a 750 word paper CCOMPARE the nursing education systems of the two (2) of the countries in the above journal articles. See the Nursing Student Writing Guidelines Checklist for paper requirements and answering the following:
• HEADING: Political History and Development of Nursing Education: Comparison of [Selected Country] and [Selected Country]o Describe how the political history of the country influenced nursing education in your selected (2) countries. How did nursing education develop?
• HEADING: Government and Nursing Organizations Influencing Nursing Education: Comparison of [Selected Country] and [Selected Country]o Which government agency(ies) or organizations influenced the training of nurses and how did the agency(ies) do that? Did nursing organizations play a role?
• HEADING: Current System of Nursing Education: Comparison of [Selected Country] and [Selected Country]o According to the article, what is the current system for educating nurses in the selected counties? Are there diploma (hospital-based) schools? Has nursing education moved into university settings? Is there a combination of nursing education programs (similar to U.S. system) to train nurses?
• HEADING: Post-Graduate (Masters) Education: Comparison of [Selected Country] and [Selected Country]o Is post-graduate (masters) education for nurses available?
• HEADING: Reflections on Nursing Education in [Selected Countries]o In conclusion, what surprised you about nursing education in the countries that you selected?
• Use the above headings in your paper. In-text citations and a reference list MUST be found in your paper.• See the Nursing Student Writing Guidelines Checklist for APA formatting.• See end of Module for common paper errors.
REMINDERS:• Comparison of: Political History and Development of Nursing Education;• Government and Nursing Organizations Influencing Nursing Education;• Current System of Nursing Education;• Post-Graduate (Masters) Education
8.8 million children under the age of 5 die each yearMany of these deaths are preventableChildren are a particularly vulnerable populationClosely linked with povertyInsufficient progress has been made in certain parts of the world in reducing childhood morbidity and mortality
Perinatal : first week of lifeNeonatal : referring to the first month of lifeInfant : referring to the first year of lifeUnder-5 : referring to children 0-4 years old
40% of the burden of disease in low- and middle-income countriesDisproportionately affect the poorEnormous economic consequencesRelevance to MDGsBurden of communicable disease is unnecessary, many can be prevented or treated
Communicable disease- transmitted from animal to animal, animal to human, or human to humanSpread and contracted through food, water, bodily fluids, vector, inhalation, nontraumatic contact, and traumatic contactControlled with vaccination, mass chemotherapy, vector control, improved water and sanitation, improved care seeking and disease recognition, case management, and behavioral change
36% of total deaths, 40% of total DALYs lost annually in low- and middle-income countriesRelative importance compared to noncommunicable diseases and injuries varies by regionSouth Asia and sub-Saharan Africa have highest relative burden of deaths from communicable diseasesRelative importance of specific communicable diseases varies by region, age group
Constrain health and development of children, having an effect on education and productivityStrong stigma and discrimination associated with HIV, TB, and othersLimit productivity of adult workersCosts of treatment burden familiesHigh rates reduce investment in a country’s development
The Burden of Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious DiseasesResistant forms of disease emerge or re-emerge when bacteria, parasites, and viruses are genetically alteredCritical global health problems because they can arise anywhere, at anytime, and spread rapidlyDrug resistance limits ability to treat infection
Addressing the Burden of HIV/AIDSFocus on prevention of new infectionsSuccessful efforts have included strong political leadership and open communicationApproach to prevention must vary with nature of epidemicEfforts need to combine education and behavioral change, bio-medical approaches, and structural approaches
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